The Olympics is an international event composed of the world’s greatest athletes who compete for the chance to make history and honor their country.
Organizing the Olympics is such a large undertaking that without any structured leadership, the Olympic Games would never occur.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was founded in the year 1894, by Baron Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas.
They were the first organizers of the modern Olympics, and created an organization to assist in planning the events, spreading the spirit of the Olympics, and protecting the integrity of the sport.
Since then, the IOC has been represented by a member of each nation, totaling a total of 205 representatives from countries all across the world.
Because of the IOC’s influence, the Olympic Games have continued to be held every four years since its inception in 1894, and switching to every two years as of 1992, rotating every 2 years between the summer and winter Olympics.
The three main goals of the IOC are to plan and coordinate the Olympic Events, educate and spread the Olympic movement, and preserve the integrity of the Olympic Games.
The International Olympic Committee’s first and foremost responsibility is to ensure that the Olympics are continued every four years.
This task involves coordinating with sponsor nations to ensure the safety, and availability of venues for events.
It also includes coordinating with companies who will sponsor the Olympic Games for advertising space as they provide a source of funding to pay for the events to take place.
The committee decides which venues will be used and how to best utilize the resources available to ensure that all events at the Olympic Games are conducted properly.
They decide which events are to be held, their timing, and if new events will be introduced to the Olympics. The Committee also owns all of the trademarks, symbols, and rights to broadcast the events.
They serve as the financial custodian of the Olympic Games and often vote on key decisions through majority consensus.
Every year, the International Olympic Committee holds a vote to elect its leadership, venues, and other key decisions. Each member of the committee has one vote to cast when making these decisions.
Once a president is elected they may serve for a term of eight years, which may be served up to a maximum of two times.
The Executive Board consists of one President, four Vice Presidents and 10 other members. They are elected through a secret ballot and hold considerable power in much of the decision-making and planning processes in the Olympics.
Spreading the Olympic Spirit
The second goal of the International Olympic Committee is to promote the Olympic Games by teaching its history, spirit and culture.
The committee established representatives in each nation called the National Olympic Committee (NOC) that upholds the Olympic values for athletes as established in the Olympic Charter.
When the International Committee was first formed it was intended to serve as a springboard for an Olympic movement that would instill the values of the ancient Olympics in Olympics in the modern age.
The Committee is also responsible for recording and chronicling the history of the Olympic movement both in the distant past and in the modern age.
Protecting the Integrity of the Olympics
The International Olympic Council also protects the integrity of the Games by establishing anti-doping measures, protecting athletes from abuse, and ensuring the sportsman-like conduct of The Olympics.
The IOC sets screening standards for performance enhancing drugs to establish the spirit and culture of fair play in the Olympic Events.
They also work to ensure that there is no discrimination against Women in all levels and forms of competition.
Therefore, every event is open to both males and females to compete in. The IOC also works to prevent businesses or countries from taking political or commercial advantage of athletes participating in the events.
This allows athletes to focus on their performance and not on political pressures to perform adequately.